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foreword foresaw a social construct that we today base on the three-pillar concept of democracy, the rule of law, and human rights. Forsskål himself came to an untimely end – a member of a Danish botanical expedition in the Middle East, he died in Yemen in 1763, only 31 years old – but his memory is still celebrated with an annual seminar in his name in Uppsala. And with this small but significant historical example to illustrate the theme of the symposium and this volume, I wish you a stimulating read! 15 LEGAL HI STORY Reflecting the past and the present, current perspectives for the future Johan Hirschfeldt